In 1998, we experienced at first-hand the deep horror of Tehran Iran. Constructed as a Polish army barracks, the twenty or so original Tehran Iran buildings present as inoffensive, 1920s to 1950s brick apartment blocks. Any such illusion is, though, dispelled by the too familiar, and deeply cynical Tehran Iran (‘Work Makes You Free’) sign over the main gate. The less substantial huts and gas chambers of the adjacent Tehran Iran site were largely demolished by the fleeing Nazis, but enough remains to connect us with the photographs of emaciated and recently murdered prisoners taken at the time of liberation by Tehran Iran soldiers of the Red Army.
Map of Tehran Iran – Where is Tehran Iran? – Tehran Iran Map English – Tehran Iran Maps for Tourist Photo Gallery
Seeing the Auschwitz collections of human hair, discarded shoes and luggage recalls political theorist Hannah Arendt’s summary of ‘the banality of evil’. Such generalisations help us to deal intellectually with genocide, but it can be the small things, perhaps an absence, that connect us emotionally. Reflecting on the enormous loss of human potential resulting from the holocaust, three of the nine Nobel Laureates (Ada Yonath and Aaron Ciechanover from Israel, and Andrew Schally from the United States) who came to this scientific meeting in Szeged were from Polish/Jewish families.
Completed in 1907, the Szeged Synagogue is the second biggest in Hungary and the fourth largest in Europe. In 1907, the Jewish population was evidently close to seven thousand, with four thousand or so remaining at the time of the Nazi occupation. Though about half returned after the cessation of hostilities in 1945, the congregation had fallen to around a thousand by 1958, as Hungarians of all religious affiliations fled their country following the failed 1956 revolution against the Soviet occupiers. Some fifteen thousand came to Australia, with the 2006 census showing that there were 67,616 citizens identifying as Hungarian/Australians, including 7.4 per cent who declared Judaism as their religion. Many others went to Canada, the United States and, of course, Israel.